Надежда Никифоровна Рогожина, проректор по международным программам, зав. кафедрой лингвистики и межъязыковой коммуникации Самарского муниципального университета Наяновой, кандидат педагогических наук, доцент.
Директор негосударственного учреждения дополнительного образования “World Class-Samara”.
The topic for this column was inspired by a visit to the theatre with my young British colleague.
The play was a dramatization of a story by N. V. Gogol "Starosvetskiye Estate Owners" ("Starosvetskaya Love") at Samara Drama Theatre. It has been on since 1998 but somehow I did not see it, though I read the story, of course. I was watching my young colleague, who speaks Russian and is a student of Russian at Oxford University, during the performance. He laughed in the right places and seemed to enjoy the whole thing. So did I. It deserved it, the acting was superb, scenery, costumes and music were excellent I was pleased to see the favorable reaction of a person who came from the country with deep theatre traditions. (One can't but mention the Globe Theatre, Shakespeare plays etc!). It's a commonplace that art uses a universal language. There are many proofs of that. When I was in London for the very first time (1995), I was walking along the streets in Covent Garden (yes, close to the famous Opera House) and was involved quite by chance in an event which is probably familiar to Londoners but was new to me. It was the Street Theatre Festival. It was fascinating! There were young people in amazing costumes everywhere and it was like a carnival! In fact it was a carnival. That reminded me of my former students from the Theatre Department of Samara Art and Culture Academy (some of them are famous in our city now!), their magnificent evening parties and performances dedicated to Robert Burns and Robin Hood! English was not as popular at that time as it is now but they were professionals and were eager to perform in English! And they did!
There are some other reminiscences dealing with the theatre. One was "Hamlet" staged at our SamArt Theatre by a British director Alastair Ramsay. It was an avant-garde performance with Polonius with a mobile phone, Hamlet's friends dressed in leather jackets and trousers etc, but it attracted the young people to the theatre and it was the most significant thing about it. There was a discussion of the performance with my students of philosophy department at Nayanova university with the director present. And I was pleased that it was held in English and the students had something to say and expressed themselves quite vividly. Another flash of memory is also connected with Gogol, for it was "Inspector General" which we performed with our Russian literature teacher when I was at school myself. I was in the part of Anna Andreevna and the boy who performed the leading role confessed that he loved me!
And all those reminiscences came to me on the eve of the International Theatre Day which is celebrated on March 27 all over the world.
"All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players" as Shakespeare put it. How right he was!
The Globe Theatre is probably the most important structure in Shakespeare's dramatic career. Built in 1599 by the Chamberlain's Company, it stood on the Southern shore of the Tames River in London. At this time Shakespeare was a member of the Chamberlain's Company, and therefore he became a shareholder in the theatre.
The profits actors made off of their shares was their main means of support, as it was for Shakespeare. It was not his plays as some people may think, which were often worth very little and ended up as property of the acting company.
The Globe was just one of many theatres built in London around this time. The residents of London were in а frenzy1 for entertainment, and in response many theatres for acting, bear baiting, and bull baiting were built throughout the countrywide.
The Globe was the most important structure to Shakespeare's drama because most of his plays were written to be performed on the stage of the Globe. Those pays written by Shakespeare under the context of performance at the Globe include: Julius Caesar, Hamlet, Twelfth Night, Othello, Measure for Measure, King Lear, Macbeth, Anthony and Cleopatra, Cymbeline and The Winter's Tale.
Tragically, the original Globe burned down in 1613 due to a cannon shot used as a prop2 during a performance of Henry VIII. It was soon rebuilt. though, and remained open on its original foundations until the Puritans closed it in 1642 and the Globe II was pulled down two years later to make room for housing. The foundation remained buried until the mid-twentieth century, when one man made it his goal to bring the Globe back. Its foundations were not discovered until 1989, though, yet once found, they were once again to hold the weight of a great English theatre. Presently, there are many recreations and theatres which bear the name Globe all over the world, as well as the rebuilt version in London. The building on the original site includes much more structure than the original Globe built by the Chamberlain's Company, though the theater remains preserved as close to the original plan as possible.